Frequently Asked Questions
What are some of the symptoms that I can be treated
Common symptoms which can be diagnosed and treated at the Sunshine Clinic include:
- Discharge through the urethra or vagina, which can be
pus like or watery
- Burning sensation on passing urine
- Urgency to pass urine and increased frequency. More frequent urination at night time.
- Ulcer or break in the continuation of the skin or mucus. Can be painful or painless.
- Swelling in the testes or vulva
- Rash which can be red, flat or raised, itchy or non itchy, painful or painless
- Pain on intercourse or ejaculation.
- Bleeding in between periods and after intercourse
- Blood in urine
- Inability to have or maintain a complete erection.
- Delayed ejaculation
- Premature ejaculation
- Absence of orgasm
- Difficulty in penetration or pain on penetration.
- Pain in the vulva, clitoris or testicular area.
Are sexually transmitted infections common?
Sexually transmitted infections are extremely common. For example, 1 in 10 women
in the age group 16 to 20 have a chlamydial infection; 1 in 10 men in the age group
of 20 to 24 have a chlamydial infection; syphilis has come back with a fifty fold
increase in its prevalence. More and more people are still getting infected with
HIV, infact about 1 in 3 HIV infected people do not know they have this infection.
The incidence of Gonorrhoea, Trichomoniasis, Hepatitis B and C have all increased
in the last year. 1 in 5 sexually active people in the UK have the wart and Herpes
Type 2 virus, both of which can have long term effects.
Do you also have contraception services?
Yes. Contraception services are available at our clinic. We also fit coils and implants.
When can I be seen?
On most occasions the patient can be seen the same day an appointed is booked. If the results are positive
the patient is also treated the same day,
Does this mean there is no waiting period?
Correct, you are seen and treated the same day.
How long does it take for the rapid test results?
Rapid tests are done for Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, HIV, Trichomoniasis
and Bacterial Vaginosis. The results of rapid tests are available in 10 to 20 minutes.
They are slightly less sensitive but very specific which means that if your results
are negative by rapid test it is almost definite that the condition is not present.
What about lab tests?
Lab tests are done for
Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, HIV, HPV Typing, HSV serology, Hepatitis B and
C, HTLV1 and 2. They are less specific but very sensitive which means if the results
are positive then it is very likely the condition is present.
When do I get the results from lab tests?
The results of HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Chlamydia are available in less than
24 hours. Gonorrhoea cultures take 24 to 48 hours.
Why do I require lab tests as well as rapid tests?
In the presence of symptoms and risk factors most infections would be treated
as routine to prevent the possible spread of the STII, and could be treated on basis
of rapid tests results. However some conditions like HIV infection which have long
term implications need to be confirmed with lab tests. Lab tests are four to five
times more expensive than rapid tests. Lab test results are available in 24 hours.
Do I always come to the clinic for tests?
No. For male Chlamydia tests we can send you a pot in which you can send your urine
sample to us by post. The results would be available next day. However if the results
are positive you will have to come to clinic to see the doctor.
Why should I be treated for STI’s?
The answer is that most of the STI’s do not present any signs or symptoms, however they can
have drastic consequences. For example Chlamydia when left untreated can result
in pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. Men can have
inflammation of testes, prostate and infertility. Syphilis if left untreated can
cause heart failure and madness in the long term. HIV can destroy your immune system
and can result in opportunistic infections and cancers. It can even be fatal if
not treated timely. Hepatitis B and C over many years can cause liver failure and
may require a transplant.
What are psychosexual
Lack of sex desire, difficulty in sex due to pain during sexual
intercourse, delayed ejaculation and lack of orgasm in both males and females could
be the result of psychological conditions. There are various methods of treating
these conditions including both counselling and medications.
Do you also treat premature, delayed or retarded ejaculation?
Yes. Treatments are available for these conditions which may be by medications
and/or psychosexual counselling available at the clinic.
Do you have treatments available for impotence or erectile
Impotency can have psychosexual basis or medical cause like
diabetes. At the clinic investigations and treatments are available for this condition.
What about lack of sexual desire? Do you have treatment
for this condition?
Lack of sexual desire can be psychological or have
medical basis. Investigations and treatments are available for this condition.
What is vulvodynia? Is treatment available?
Vulvodynia is awareness of pain in vulval region which interferes with sex
or day to day functions. There are treatments available for these conditions at
What is the cost of a consultation?
Follow-up visit £75.00
What are the costs involved in tests?
tests cost £9.95 each. The current prices of lab tests are listed on the website.
Do students get any discount?
are eligible for discount. Please inform the reception staff at the time of booking
Is all information confidential?
Do I need referral letter from my GP?